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鎮ㄧ幇鍦ㄧ殑浣嶇疆锛 棣栭〉 > 涓撲笟鍏骇 > 涓撳叓鍚姏 > 鑻辫涓撳叓鍚姏鐪熼鍚啓 > 姝f枃

专业快三平台—官方网址22270.COM_2018骞磋嫳璇笓涓氬叓绾х湡棰樺惉鍔 Mini-lecture(3)

鏉ユ簮:璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑻辫 缂栬緫:Melody 锘  VIP鍏嶈垂澶栨暀璇曞惉璇 |  璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM瀹樻柟寰俊:ikekenet
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鍔犺浇涓..

And in any species that acquired it, it would encourage you to hide your best ideas, lest somebody steal them from you.

鍦ㄤ换浣曡幏寰楄繖绉嶈兘鍔涚殑鐗╃涓紝瀹冮兘浼氶紦鍔变綘闅愯棌鏈濂界殑鎯虫硶锛屼互鍏嶆湁浜轰粠浣犻偅閲屽伔璧板畠浠
And so some time around 200,000 years ago, our species confronted this crisis.
专业快三平台—官方网址22270.COM澶х害鍦20涓囧勾鍓嶏紝鎴戜滑浜虹被闈复鐫杩欏満鍗辨満銆
And we chose to develop the systems of communication that would allow us to share ideas and to cooperate amongst others.
鎴戜滑閫夋嫨浜嗗紑鍙戝嚭浜ゆ祦绯荤粺璁╂垜浠吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ュ垎浜兂娉曪紝涓庝粬浜哄睍寮鍚堜綔銆
Choosing this option would mean that a vastly greater fund of knowledge and wisdom would become available to any one individual than would ever arise from within an individual family or an individual person on their own.
鍋氬嚭杩欎竴閫夋嫨灏嗘剰鍛崇潃锛屼换浣曚釜浜洪兘鑳借幏寰楁瘮鍗曠嫭鐨勫搴垨涓汉鎵鑳借幏寰楃殑澶氬緱澶氱殑鐭ヨ瘑鍜屾櫤鎱с
Well, language is the result.
缁撴灉璇█鍑虹幇浜嗐
Language evolved to solve the crisis of visual theft.
璇█鐨勬紨鍙樻槸涓轰簡瑙e喅瑙嗚鐩楃獌鐨勫嵄鏈恒
Language is a piece of social technology for enhancing the benefits of cooperation -- for reaching agreements, for striking deals and for coordinating our activities.
璇█鏄竴绉嶇ぞ浼氭妧鏈紝璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ュ杩涘悎浣滅殑濂藉鈥斺旇揪鎴愬叡鍚屾剰瑙侊紝瀹屾垚浜ゆ槗锛屽崗璋冩垜浠殑娲诲姩銆
And you can see that, in a developing society that was beginning to acquire language, not having language would be like a bird without wings.
浣犺吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ョ湅鍒帮紝鍦ㄤ竴涓紑濮嬪涔犺瑷鐨勬鍦ㄥ彂灞曠殑绀句細涓紝娌℃湁璇█灏卞儚娌℃湁缈呰唨鐨勯笩銆
As I said at the beginning, language really is the voice of our genes.
专业快三平台—官方网址22270.COM姝e鎴戜竴寮濮嬫墍璇寸殑锛岃瑷纭疄鏄垜浠熀鍥犵殑澹伴煶銆
But, as we spread out around the world, we developed thousands of different languages.
浣嗘槸锛屾垜浠暎钀藉埌涓栫晫鍚勫湴锛屽彂灞曞嚭鏁板崈绉嶄笉鍚岀殑璇█銆
Currently, there are about seven or eight thousand different languages spoken on Earth. And then another problem occurred.
鐩墠锛屽湴鐞冧笂澶х害鏈変竷鍗冨埌鍏崈绉嶄笉鍚岀殑璇█銆傜劧鍚庡彟涓涓棶棰樺嚭鐜颁簡銆
It seems that we use our language, not just to cooperate, but to draw rings around our cooperative groups and to establish identities, and perhaps to protect our knowledge and wisdom and skills from being stolen from outside.
浼间箮鎴戜滑浣跨敤璇█锛屼笉浠呬粎鏄负浜嗗悎浣滐紝鑰屼笖鏄负浜嗗洿缁曟垜浠殑鍚堜綔缇や綋寤虹珛鑱旂郴锛屽缓绔嬭韩浠斤紝涔熻鏄负浜嗕繚鎶ゆ垜浠殑鐭ヨ瘑銆佹櫤鎱у拰鎶鑳戒笉琚鐣岀獌鍙栥
And we know this because when we study different language groups and associate them with their cultures, we see that different languages slow the flow of ideas between groups.
鎴戜滑涔嬫墍浠ョ煡閬撹繖涓鐐癸紝鏄洜涓哄綋鎴戜滑鐮旂┒涓嶅悓鐨勮瑷缇や綋骞跺皢浠栦滑涓庝粬浠殑鏂囧寲鑱旂郴璧锋潵鏃讹紝鎴戜滑鍙戠幇涓嶅悓鐨勮瑷闃荤浜嗙兢浣撲箣闂寸殑鎬濇兂浜ゆ祦銆
Okay, this tendency we have, this seemingly natural tendency we have, goes towards isolation, towards keeping everything to ourselves, whereas our modern world is communicating with itself and with each other more than it has at any time in its past.
濂戒簡锛屾垜浠殑杩欑鍊惧悜锛岃繖绉嶇湅璧锋潵寰堣嚜鐒剁殑鍊惧悜锛岃秼鍚戜簬瀛ょ珛锛岃秼鍚戜簬鎶婃墍鏈夌殑涓滆タ閮界暀缁欐垜浠嚜宸憋紝鑰屾垜浠殑鐜颁唬涓栫晫鏇村鐨勬槸鍦ㄥ拰鑷繁浜ゆ祦锛屽拰褰兼浜ゆ祦锛屾瘮杩囧幓浠讳綍鏃跺欓兘瑕佸銆
And that communication, that connectivity around the world, that globalization now raises a burden.
专业快三平台—官方网址22270.COM杩欑浜ゆ祦锛岃繖绉嶄笘鐣屽悇鍦扮殑鑱旂郴锛岃繖绉嶅叏鐞冨寲鐜板湪甯︽潵浜嗚礋鎷呫
Because these different languages impose a barrier, as we've just seen, to the transfer of goods and ideas and technologies and wisdom.
专业快三平台—官方网址22270.COM鍥犱负姝e鎴戜滑鍒氭墠鐪嬪埌鐨勶紝杩欎簺涓嶅悓鐨勮瑷瀵瑰晢鍝侊紝鎬濇兂锛屾妧鏈拰鏅烘収鐨勮浆绉婚犳垚浜嗛殰纰嶃
And they impose a barrier to cooperation. What will be the solution?
浠栦滑缁欏悎浣滆缃簡闅滅銆傝В鍐虫柟妗堟槸浠涔?
In a world in which we want to promote cooperation and exchange, and in a world that might be dependent more than ever before on cooperation to maintain and enhance our levels of prosperity,
褰撳墠鎴戜滑甯屾湜淇冭繘鍚堜綔涓庝氦娴侊紝璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳芥瘮浠ュ線浠讳綍鏃跺欓兘鏇村姞渚濊禆鍚堜綔浠ョ淮鎸佸拰鎻愰珮鎴戜滑鐨勭箒鑽f按骞筹紝
I think it might be inevitable that we have to confront the idea that our destiny is to be one world with one language.
鎴戣涓烘垜浠笉璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM閬垮厤鍦拌闈㈠杩欐牱涓涓鐐癸細鎴戜滑鐨勫鍛芥槸鍚屼竴涓笘鐣岋紝鐢ㄥ悓涓绉嶈瑷銆
What do you think of the solution? Okay.
浣犺涓鸿繖涓В鍐冲姙娉曟庝箞鏍凤紵濂姐
In today's lecture, I have presented to you how language shapes our humanity, what kind of dilemma social learning has created, and the possible solutions to the dilemma.
鍦ㄤ粖澶╃殑婕旇涓紝鎴戝悜浣犱滑灞曠ず浜嗚瑷濡備綍濉戦犳垜浠汉绫伙紝绀句細瀛︿範鍒涢犱簡浠涔堟牱鐨勫洶澧冿紝浠ュ強璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳界殑瑙e喅鏂规銆
In our next lecture, I am going to talk about lingua franca and its functions.
涓嬩竴璁诧紝鎴戝皢璁查氱敤璇強鍏跺姛鑳姐

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
cooperative [kəu'ɔpərətiv]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鍚堜綔鐨勶紝鍏卞悓鐨
n. 鍚堜綔绀

 
barrier ['bæriə]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鐣岀嚎锛屽睆闅滐紝鏍呮爮锛岄殰纰嶇墿

 
enhance [in'hɑ:ns]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 鎻愰珮锛屽姞寮猴紝澧炲姞

 
dependent [di'pendənt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 渚濋潬鐨勶紝渚濊禆鐨勶紝浠庡睘鐨
n.

鑱旀兂璁板繂
solution [sə'lu:ʃən]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 瑙g瓟锛岃В鍐冲姙娉曪紝婧惰В锛屾憾娑

鑱旀兂璁板繂
available [ə'veiləbl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鐢ㄧ殑锛岃吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM寰楀埌鐨勶紝鏈夌敤鐨勶紝鏈夋晥鐨

鑱旀兂璁板繂
tendency ['tendənsi]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 瓒嬪娍锛屽惧悜

鑱旀兂璁板繂
transfer [træns'fə:]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 杩佺Щ锛岀Щ鍔紝鎹㈣溅
v. 杞Щ锛岃皟杞紝璋冧换

鑱旀兂璁板繂
associate [ə'səuʃieit]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍚屼即锛屼紮浼达紝鍚堜紮浜
n. 鍑嗗澹浣嶈幏寰

鑱旀兂璁板繂
species ['spi:ʃiz]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 锛堝崟澶嶅悓锛夌墿绉嶏紝绉嶇被

 

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