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Online Education

鍦ㄧ嚎鏁欒偛
Good morning, everybody.
澶у鏃╀笂濂姐
In today's lecture, we will talk about online education.
网上买一分快三—官方网址22270.COM浠婂ぉ鐨勮搴э紝鎴戜滑瑕佽皥涓璋堝湪绾挎暀鑲层
You know, in some parts of the world, it is not that easy for people to receive education.
澶у閮界煡閬擄紝鍦ㄦ湁浜涘湴鏂癸紝鍙楁暀鑲蹭粛鐒朵笉鏄欢瀹规槗鐨勪簨銆
And even in the United States where education is available, it might not be within reach.
鍗充娇鍦ㄧ編鍥借繖鏍风殑鏁欒偛澶у浗锛屽彈鏁欒偛璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳戒篃鏈夊洶闅俱
Thus, online courses provided by those world-famous universities can bring the best quality education to as many people as we could around the world, and for free.
鍥犳锛屼笘鐣岀煡鍚嶅ぇ瀛︽彁渚涚殑鍦ㄧ嚎璇剧▼,灏辫吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ヤ负涓栫晫涓婅璁稿澶氱殑浜哄甫鏉ヤ紭璐ㄦ暀鑲诧紝鑰屼笖鏄厤璐圭殑銆
First, let's talk a little bit about some of the components that go into online education.
棣栧厛锛屾垜浠皥涓涓嬪湪绾挎暀鑲茬殑鍑犱釜鐗圭偣銆
The first component is that when you move away from the constraints of a physical classroom and design content for an online format, you can break away from, for example, the one-hour lecture format.
绗竴涓壒鐐瑰氨鏄湪绾挎暀鑲叉墦鐮翠簡瀹炰綋璇惧爞鐨勯檺鍒躲网上买一分快三—官方网址22270.COM璁捐鍦ㄧ嚎璇剧▼鍐呭鐨勬椂鍊欙紝鏁欏笀璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ユ姏寮寰堝闄愬埗锛屾瘮濡備竴灏忔椂鐨勮绋嬫椂闀裤
You can break up the material, for example, into short, modular units of 8 to 12 minutes, and each of the short units introduces a coherent concept.
涓句釜渚嬪瓙锛屼綘璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ュ皢鎺堣鏉愭枡鍒嗘垚8鍒12鍒嗛挓鐨勫皬鍗曞厓锛屾瘡涓崟鍏冧粙缁嶄竴涓畬鏁寸殑姒傚康銆
Students can deal with this material in different ways, depending on their backgrounds, their skills or their interests.
瀛︾敓璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ユ牴鎹嚜韬儗鏅佹妧鑳藉拰鍏磋叮锛屼互涓嶅悓鐨勬柟寮忓涔犳潗鏂欍
So, for example, some students might benefit from a little bit of preparatory material that other students might already have.
姣斿锛屾湁浜涘鐢熻吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳戒細浠庡噯澶囨潗鏂欎腑瀛﹀埌涓滆タ锛岃岃繖浜涙潗鏂欏叾浠栧悓瀛︽棭灏辨湁浜嗐
Other students might be interested in a particular topic that they want to pursue individually.
鍏朵粬鍚屽璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳戒細瀵逛粬浠嚜宸卞枩娆㈡帰绌剁殑鍏蜂綋璇濋鎰熷叴瓒c
So this format allows students to break away from the one-size-fits-all model of education, and allows students to follow a much more personalized curriculum.
鎵浠ワ紝杩欑褰㈠紡灏嗗鐢熶粠鈥滀竴鍒鍒団濆紡鐨勬暀鑲蹭腑瑙f斁鍑烘潵锛屽鐢熶滑寰椾互瀛︿範涓у寲鐨勮绋嬨
Second and perhaps one of the biggest components of our online education is that when we need to have students who practice with the material in order to really understand it.
绗簩涓紝涔熸槸鍦ㄧ嚎鏁欒偛鏈澶х殑涓涓壒鐐癸紝灏辨槸鎴戜滑闇瑕佽瀛︾敓鏈夋潗鏂欑粌涔狅紝杩欐牱鎵嶈兘纭繚浠栦滑鐪熸鐞嗚В浜嗘墍瀛﹀唴瀹广
There's been a range of studies that demonstrate the importance of this.
璁稿鐮旂┒鏄剧ず浜嗚繖涓鐐圭殑閲嶈鎬с
A study in Science last year, for example, demonstrates that even simple retrieval practice, where students are just supposed to repeat what they've already learned, gives considerably improved results on various achievement tests.
姣斿锛屽幓骞淬婄瀛︺嬫潅蹇楃殑涓椤圭爺绌舵樉绀猴紝灏辫繛鍙姹傚鐢熷杩版墍瀛﹀唴瀹圭殑绠鍗曟绱㈣缁冿紝閮芥彁楂樹簡璁稿鎴愮哗娴嬮獙涓鐢熺殑鎴愮哗銆
So, we need to build in much more meaningful practice questions.
鎵浠ワ紝鎴戜滑闇瑕佺紪鍒舵洿鏈夋剰涔夌殑缁冧範棰樼洰銆
Now, fortunately, technology has helped us to provide the students with feedback on those questions.
骞歌繍鐨勬槸锛岀幇鍦ㄦ妧鏈繘姝ヤ簡锛屾垜浠吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ュ氨闂鍚戝鐢熷弽棣堛
We can now grade a range of interesting types of homework online.
网上买一分快三—官方网址22270.COM鐜板湪杩樿吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ョ粰璁稿鏈夎叮鐨勫湪绾垮搴綔涓氭墦鍒嗐
The third component is what is called collaborative learning.
绗笁鐐规槸鍚堜綔瀛︿範銆
Students could collaborate in different online courses in a variety of ways.
瀛︾敓璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ヤ互鍚勭鏂瑰紡鍦ㄤ笉鍚岀殑鍦ㄧ嚎璇剧▼涓悎浣溿
First of all, there was a question and answer forum, where students could pose questions, and other students could answer those questions.
棣栧厛锛屽湪绾胯绋嬩細鏈変竴涓棶绛旇鍧涳紝瀛︾敓璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ュ湪璁哄潧涓婃彁闂锛屽叾浠栧鐢熷洖绛斻
And what is really amazing is that, because there were so many students, it means that even if a student posed a question at 3 o'clock in the morning, somewhere around the world there would be somebody who was awake and working on the same problem.
网上买一分快三—官方网址22270.COM鏈濂囧鐨勬槸锛屽洜涓哄鐢熷緢澶氾紝鍗充娇鏈変汉鍑屾櫒涓夌偣鎻愬嚭闂锛屼笘鐣屼笂鍙︿竴涓钀戒篃浼氭湁杩樻病鐫$殑瀛︾敓锛屼竴璧疯В鍐宠繖涓棶棰樸
And he might answer that question.
璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳戒粬灏辫兘鍥炵瓟閭d釜闂銆
And so, in many of the online courses, the median response time for a question on the question and answer forum was 22 minutes.
鍥犳锛岃澶氬湪绾胯绋嬩腑锛岄棶绛旇鍧涗笂闂鐨勫搷搴旀椂闂村鏁板湪22鍒嗛挓銆
So in a word, if we wanted to offer top quality education to everyone around the world for free, what would that affect us?
鎬昏岃█涔嬶紝濡傛灉涓哄叏浜虹被鍏嶈垂鎻愪緵楂樿川閲忔暀鑲诧紝灏嗘湁鍝簺褰卞搷锛
Three things.
鎴戣涓烘湁浠ヤ笅涓夌偣銆
First, it would establish education as a fundamental human right, where anyone around the world with the ability and the motivation could get the skills they need.
棣栧厛锛屽湪绾挎暀鑲插皢鏁欒偛浣滀负鍩烘湰浜烘潈锛屽叏涓栫晫鑳藉鑰屼笖鎯宠瀛︽妧鑳界殑浜洪兘鑳藉鍒版墍闇鎶鑳姐
Second, it would enable lifelong learning.
绗簩锛屽湪绾挎暀鑲蹭娇寰楃粓韬涔犳垚涓鸿吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳姐
It's a shame that for so many of us, learning stops when we finish high school or when we finish college.
鎴戜滑褰撲腑寰堝浜洪珮涓瘯涓氭垨鑰呭ぇ瀛︽瘯涓氫箣鍚庡氨涓嶅啀瀛︿範浜嗭紝鐪熸槸浠や汉姹楅銆
By making this amazing content available, we would be able to learn something new every time we wanted, whether it's just to expand our minds or it's to change our lives.
鏈変簡鍦ㄧ嚎鏁欒偛杩欎釜濂囧鐨勪笢瑗匡紝鎴戜滑鎯冲鏂颁笢瑗垮氨璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ュ鍒帮紝璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ュ紑闃旇閲庯紝涔熻吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ユ敼鍙樹汉鐢熴
And finally, this would make a wave of innovation possible, because amazing talent can be found everywhere.
网上买一分快三—官方网址22270.COM鏈鍚庯紝鍦ㄧ嚎鏁欒偛涔熼紦鍔变簡鏂颁竴杞垱鏂版氮娼紝鍥犱负鏉板嚭浜烘墠灏嗛殢澶勮吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM瑙併
To sum up today, we have talked about some features of online education and it's benefits.
浠婂ぉ鐨勬紨璁诧紝鎴戜滑涓昏璁ㄨ浜嗗湪绾挎暀鑲茬殑璁稿鐗圭偣鍜屽ソ澶勩
We are sure that online education will have a promising future.
鍦ㄧ嚎鏁欒偛涓瀹氬墠閫斿厜鏄庛
In the next lecture, we're going to learn how online education has changed people around the world.
涓嬫璁插骇鎴戜滑浼氳鍒板湪绾挎暀鑲叉槸濡備綍鏀瑰彉涓栦汉鐢熸椿鐨勩

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
benefit ['benifit]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍒╃泭锛屾触璐达紝淇濋櫓閲戯紝涔夊崠锛屼箟婕
vt.

鑱旀兂璁板繂
expand [iks'pænd]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 澧炲姞锛岃杩帮紝鎵╁睍锛屼娇 ... 鑶ㄨ儉锛
v

鑱旀兂璁板繂
understand [.ʌndə'stænd]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 鐞嗚В锛屾噦锛屽惉璇达紝鑾锋倝锛屽皢 ... 鐞嗚В涓猴紝璁や负<

 
demonstrate ['demənstreit]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 绀鸿寖锛屾紨绀猴紝璇佹槑
vi. 绀哄▉

鑱旀兂璁板繂
available [ə'veiləbl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鐢ㄧ殑锛岃吹宸炲揩涓夋墜鏈篴pp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM寰楀埌鐨勶紝鏈夌敤鐨勶紝鏈夋晥鐨

鑱旀兂璁板繂
pursue [pə'sju:]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 杩芥崟锛岃拷姹傦紝缁х画浠庝簨

鑱旀兂璁板繂
range [reindʒ]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鑼冨洿锛岃鍒楋紝灏勭▼锛屽北鑴夛紝涓绯诲垪
v. 鎺

 
curriculum [kə'rikjuləm]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 璇剧▼锛屽叏閮ㄨ绋
curricula(澶嶆暟

鑱旀兂璁板繂
concept ['kɔnsept]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 姒傚康锛岃蹇

 
particular [pə'tikjulə]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鐗规畩鐨勶紝鐗瑰埆鐨勶紝鐗瑰畾鐨勶紝鎸戝墧鐨
n.

鑱旀兂璁板繂

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