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快三所有号码图片—官方网址22270.COM_2017骞磋冪爺鑻辫(浜)鐪熼绗2绡 Smartphones Won't Make Your Kids Dumb

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With so much focus on children's use of screens, it's easy for parents to forget about their own screen use.

瀵瑰瀛愪娇鐢ㄧ數瀛愯澶囩粰浜堝お澶氱殑鍏虫敞锛屽緢瀹规槗璁╃埗姣嶅繕璁拌嚜宸变娇鐢ㄧ數瀛愯澶囥
"Tech is designed to really suck on you in," says Jenny Radesky in her study of digital play,
鈥滃彂灞曠鎶鐨勭洰鐨勫氨鏄负浜嗚浣犳矇娴稿叾涓濓紝瑭瑰Ξ路鎷夊痉鏂熀鍦ㄥス鐨勬暟瀛椾骇鍝佺爺绌朵腑瀹gО锛
"and digital products are there to promote maximal engagement.
快三所有号码图片—官方网址22270.COM鈥滅敓浜ф暟瀛椾骇鍝佹槸涓轰簡璁╀綘瀵瑰叾鏇寸棿杩枫
It makes it hard to disengage, and leads to a lot of bleed-over into the family routine."
杩欏緢闅捐浜轰笉娌夋蹈鍏朵腑锛屼篃浼氬鑷村搴棩甯稿彈鍒伴噸澶у奖鍝嶃傗
Radesky has studied the use of mobile phones and tablets at mealtimes by giving mother-child pairs a food-testing exercise.
鎷夊痉鏂熀閫氳繃濡堝鈥斿瀛愰鐗╂祴璇曞疄楠岋紝鐮旂┒浜嗘墜鏈哄拰骞虫澘鐢佃剳鐨勪娇鐢ㄣ
She found that mothers who sued devices during the exercise
濂瑰彂鐜帮紝鍦ㄥ疄楠屾湡闂翠娇鐢ㄧ數瀛愯澶囩殑姣嶄翰涓庡瀛
started 20 percent fewer verbal and 39 percent fewer nonverbal interactions with their children.
杩涜鐨勮瑷浜ゆ祦鍑忓皯浜20%锛岃繘琛岀殑闈炶瑷浜ゆ祦鍑忓皯浜39%銆
During a separate observation, she saw that phones became a source of tension in the family.
快三所有号码图片—官方网址22270.COM鍦ㄤ竴娆$嫭绔嬬殑瑙傚療涓紝濂瑰彂鐜版墜鏈烘垚浜嗗搴揣寮犳皼鍥寸殑鏍规簮銆
Parents would be looking at their emails while the children would be making excited bids for their attention.
鐖舵瘝褰撴椂璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳芥鍦ㄦ煡鐪嬩粬浠殑鐢靛瓙閭欢锛岃屽瀛愪滑璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳芥鍦ㄥ姫鍔涘湴鎯宠鑾峰緱浠栦滑鐨勬敞鎰忋
Infants are wired to look at parents' faces to try to understand their world,
濠村辜鍎夸細鑷劧鐨勮瀵熺埗姣嶇殑琛ㄦ儏浠ヨ瘯鍥剧悊瑙d粬浠殑涓栫晫锛
and if those faces are blank and unresponsive鈥攁s they often are when absorbed in a device鈥攊t can be extremely disconcerting foe the children.
濡傛灉浠栦滑闈㈡棤琛ㄦ儏銆佹鏃犲洖搴斺斺斾粬浠矇娴镐簬鐢靛瓙璁惧鏃剁粡甯稿姝も斺旇繖浼氳瀛╁瓙浠瀬鍏朵笉瀹夈
Radesky cites the "still face experiment" devised by developmental psychologist Ed Tronick in the 1970s.
鎷夊痉鏂熀寮曠敤浜嗗彂灞曞績鐞嗗瀹跺焹寰仿风壒娲涘凹鍏20涓栫邯70骞翠唬鍋氱殑鈥滈潤姝㈣劯瀹為獙鈥濄
In it, a mother is asked to interact with her child in a normal way
鍦ㄨ瀹為獙涓紝涓浣嶅濡堣瑕佹眰涓庡ス鐨勫瀛愪互姝e父鐨勬柟寮忎簰鍔紝
before putting on a blank expression and not giving them any visual social feedback;
涔嬪悗锛岃姹傚ス闈㈡棤琛ㄦ儏骞朵笖涓嶈兘鍋氬嚭瑙嗚涓婄殑銆佺ぞ浜ゆх殑鍥炲簲銆
The child becomes increasingly distressed as she tries to capture her mother's attention.
缁撴灉锛岃繖涓瀛愯瘯鍥惧惛寮曞濡堢殑娉ㄦ剰鍔涳紝鍚屾椂鍙樺緱瓒婃潵瓒婄棝鑻︺
"Parents don't have to be exquisitely parents at all times, but there needs to be a balance
鎷夊痉鏂熀璇达紝鈥滅埗姣嶄笉蹇呬竴鐩撮兘鍑虹幇锛屼絾鏄嚭鐜板拰涓嶅嚭鐜颁箣闂撮渶瑕佸钩琛★紝
and parents need to be responsive and sensitive to a child's verbal or nonverbal expressions of an emotional need," says Radesky.
鐖舵瘝闇瑕佸瀛╁瓙鎯呮劅闇姹傜殑璇█鎴栭潪璇█鐨勮〃杈捐鏁忔劅锛屼笖瀵规鍋氬嚭鍥炲簲鈥濄
On the other hand, Tronick himself is concerned that the worries about kids' use of screens
鍙︿竴鏂归潰锛岀壒缃楀凹鍏嬫湰韬篃鎷呭咖锛屽浜庡瀛愪娇鐢ㄧ數瀛愯澶
are born out of an "oppressive ideology that demands that parents should always be interacting" with their children:
鐨勬媴蹇ф潵鑷簬鈥滃帇杩х殑鎰忚瘑褰㈡侊紝鍏惰姹傜埗姣嶅簲璇ョ粡甯镐笌瀛╁瓙浜掑姩鈥濓細
"It's based on a somewhat fantasized, very white, very upper-middle-class ideology
瀹冩墍鍩轰簬鐨勬剰璇嗗舰鎬佹湁鐐瑰効鐞嗘兂鍖栵紝鏋佸叾绗﹀悎鐧戒汉鍜屼腑涓婂眰闃剁骇鐨勮蹇碉紝
that says if you're failing to expose your child to 30,000 words you are neglecting them."
杩欎竴鎰忚瘑褰㈡佽涓哄鏋滀綘鏈兘璁╁瀛愭帴瑙﹀埌3涓囦釜璇嶆眹锛屼綘灏辨槸蹇界暐浜嗕粬浠
Tronick believes that just because a child isn't learning from the screen doesn't mean there's no value to it,
鐗圭綏灏煎厠涔嬫墍浠ヨ繖涔堢湅锛屾牴鏈師鍥犲湪浜庯紝瀛╁瓙娌℃湁浠庡睆骞曚腑涓婂鍒颁笢瑗垮苟涓嶆剰鍛崇潃瀹冨氨姣棤浠峰硷紝
particularly if it gives parents time to have a shower, do housework or simply have a break from their child.
灏ゅ叾鏄綋瀹冭兘璁╃埗姣嶆湁鏃堕棿鍐蹭釜娣嬫荡銆佸仛浜涘鍔℃垨鍙槸鏆傛椂绂诲紑瀛╁瓙浼戞伅涓涓嬬殑鏃跺欍
Parents, he says, can get a lot out of using their devices to speak to a friend or get some work out of the way.
快三所有号码图片—官方网址22270.COM浠栬锛岀埗姣嶄娇鐢ㄨ嚜宸辩殑鐢靛瓙璁惧璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ュ緱鍒板緢澶氫笢瑗匡紝杩欐牱璺熸湅鍙嬭亰澶╁氨鏈夎瘽璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑱婃垨鑰呭畬鎴愪竴浜涘伐浣溿
This can make them feel happier, which lets then be more available to their child the rest of the time.
快三所有号码图片—官方网址22270.COM杩欎細璁╃埗姣嶆洿鍔犲紑蹇冿紝涔熸洿璐靛窞蹇笁鎵嬫満app鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳借鐖舵瘝鐢ㄥ墿涓嬬殑鏃堕棿闄即瀛╁瓙銆

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
ideology [.aidi'ɔlədʒi]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 瑙傚康瀛︼紝绌鸿锛屾剰璇嗗舰鎬

鑱旀兂璁板繂
promote [prə'məut]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 淇冭繘锛屾彁鍗囷紝鍗囪縼; 鍙戣捣; 淇冮攢

鑱旀兂璁板繂
capture ['kæptʃə]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 鎹曡幏锛屼繕鑾凤紝澶哄彇锛屽崰棰嗭紝杩蜂綇锛(鐢ㄧ収鐗囩瓑)鐣欏瓨<

鑱旀兂璁板繂
separate ['sepəreit]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍒嗗紑锛屾娊鍗版湰
adj. 鍒嗗紑鐨勶紝鍚勮嚜鐨勶紝

 
social ['səuʃəl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 绀句細鐨勶紝绀句氦鐨
n. 绀句氦鑱氫細

 
concerned [kən'sə:nd]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鎷呭咖鐨勶紝鍏冲績鐨

 
device [di'vais]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 瑁呯疆锛岃璁★紝绛栫暐锛岃澶

 
unresponsive

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鏃犲弽搴旂殑锛涘弽搴旇繜閽濈殑

 
nonverbal [.nɔn'və:bl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 闈炶█杈炶鐨勶紝涓嶇敤璇█鐨

 
understand [.ʌndə'stænd]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 鐞嗚В锛屾噦锛屽惉璇达紝鑾锋倝锛屽皢 ... 鐞嗚В涓猴紝璁や负<

 

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